Articles, Research, & Resources in Psychology


Therapy, Ethics, Malpractice, Forensics, Critical Thinking (and a few other topics)



This psychology site was designed to be fully accessible for people with disabilities (see below) and user-friendly to all visitors. For convenience, any of the major sections -- as well as the 3 other web sites (see "Ken's Other Sites") -- can be accessed immediately by using the menu that runs along the left side of each page..

The site provides free access to a variety of articles from journals such as American Psychologist (currently 10 from this source); British Medical Journal; Canadian Psychology / Psychologie Canadianne; Zeitschrift für Psychologie / Journal of Psychology; Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology; Clinical Psychology: Science & Practice; Psychology, Public Policy, & Law; Annual Review of Clinical Psychology; American Journal of Psychiatry; International Journal of Law & Psychiatry; and Professional Psychology: Research & Practice.

It also provides other free resources such as:

The journal articles and other resources are in this site's 27 major sections: assessment; psychology professor Bev Greene's images of Ground Zero; boundaries in therapy; psychological interventions for people with cancer resources; caregiver resources; Carolyn Payton's bio & a quote about ethics; detainee interrogations, physicians, & psychologists; Psychologists & detainee interrogations; end-of-life resources; over 100 ethics codes & practice guidelines for therapy, counseling, assessment, & forensics; articles on ethics & malpractice; fallacies & pitfalls in psychology; forgiveness resources; psychology laws & licensing boards; falacies & pitfalls in psychology; informed consent; psychology laws & licensing boards in Canada & the United States; resources for U.S. troops, veterans, their families, & those who provide services to them; resources for finding affordable health insurance and medications; memory & abuse; mindfulness resources for clinical training & practice; sexual issues in therapy, counseling, teaching, & the lives of psychologists; resources for therapists who are stalked, threatened, or attacked by patient; suicide; the therapist as a person; resources for torture survivors, refugees, and asylum-seekers; and resources for psychologists, physicians, & other health care professionals wanting to volunteer their services to people in need.

You'll also find various pages with more information about the material on the site (e.g., please see copyright & disclaimers).

Some of the material that was originally on this site has been moved to 3 other sites:

1) Please follow this link to the Accessibility & Disability web site, which provides information and resources on 10 topics: Articles on Accessibility in Psychology Graduate Education & Practice; the American Psychological Association Disability Mentoring Program; Accessibility Laws & Regulations; Court Adjudications, Formal Settlements, and Letters of Agreement: Disability, Accessibility, and Universities; Articles on Accessibility in Higher Education or Professional Licensing; Court Adjudications; Resources for Accessible Books & Articles; Assistive Technology for Computers & Printed Material; Articles on Web Accessibility, the ADA, & Civil Rights; Web Accessibility Verifiers; & 7 Easy Steps Toward Web Site Accessibility.

2) Please follow this link to the site providing information and resources for companion, assistance, and special-needs animals; that site's major topics are: animal emergencies, poison, & first aid; where to look for adoptions, fostering, & placements for companion animals; animal-friendly travel & lodging; finding missing animals; pet bereavement; companion animals and people with HIV or AIDS; health & behavior of companion animals; animal protection & welfare; where to look for special-needs animal adoptions, fostering, & placements; health & behavior information & resources for special-needs animals; equipment for special-needs animals; therapy, guide, hearing, and other assistance animals.

3) Please follow this link to the site providing photographs and stories of a family of special-needs cats & dogs .

As mentioned earlier, this site was designed to be accessible for people with disabilities and user-friendly for all visitors, regardless of which version of which operating system, browser, or assistive technologies you may be using. All pages in this site are in compliance with all levels of the W3 Web Content Accessibility Guidelines as well as Bobby full AAA approval level and the US Government Section 508 guidelines. All pages validate as XHTML 1.0 and use logical, structured markup as required. None of the pages uses java, java script, frames, pdf, or third-party plug-ins.

To find out about the accessibility feature of this site and how the work, please follow this link to using this site and its accessibility features or choose the "using this site" button on the navigation bar.

Although the navigation bar, which appears along the left side of each page, provides access to each section of this web site, below is a sample of some of the full-text articles and related materials available on this site.

Full-text Articles & Books



A Human Rights and Ethics Crisis Facing the World's Largest Organization of Psychologists—Accepting Responsibility, Understanding Causes, Implementing Solutions by Kenneth S. Pope, Ph.D., ABPP, in European Psychologist

Canadian Psychological Association Member of the Year Award Address --
"The Code Not Taken: The Path From Guild Ethics to Torture and Our Continuing Choices"
by Ken Pope, Ph.D., ABPP [Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne]

"Psychological Assessment of Torture Survivors: Essential Steps, Avoidable Errors, and Helpful Resource" by Ken Pope, Ph.D., ABPP [International Journal of Law & Psychiatry]

"Are the American Psychological Association’s Detainee Interrogation Policies Ethical and Effective? Key Claims, Documents, and Results" by Ken Pope, Ph.D., ABPP [Zeitschrift für Psychologie / Journal of Psychology]

"Psychologists and Detainee Interrogations: Key Decisions, Opportunities Lost, and Lessons Learned" by Ken Pope, Ph.D., ABPP [Annual Review of Clinical Psychology]

"The Hoffman Report And the American Psychological Association: Meeting the Challenge of Change" by Ken Pope, Ph.D., ABPP [Appendix A in Ethics in Psychotherapy and Counseling, 5th Edition by Ken Pope & Melba J. T. Vasquez. New York: Wiley, January, 2016]

"Contrasting Ethical Policies of Physicians & Psychologists Concerning Detainee Interrogations" by Ken Pope, Ph.D., ABPP, & Tom Gutheil, M.D. [British Medical Journal]

"Psychologists Abandon the Nuremberg Ethic: Concerns for Detainee Interrogations" by Ken Pope, Ph.D., ABPP, & Tom Gutheil, M.D. [International Journal of Law and Psychiatry]

"3 Cognitive Strategies to Deny, Discount, & Dismiss Torture: How Individuals, Groups, Governments, & Cultures Enable Torturers" by Ken Pope, Ph.D., ABPP [excerpt from a chapter on "Torture" published by Academic Press]

"Responding to Victims of Torture: Clinical Issues, Professional Responsibilities, and Useful Resources" by Ken Pope, Ph.D., & ABPP & Rosa Garcia-Peltoniemi, Ph.D. [Professional Psychology: Research & Practice]''



Five Steps to Strengthen Ethics in Organizations and Individuals: Effective Strategies Informed by Research and History by  Kenneth S. Pope, Ph.D., ABPP, Publisher: the Routledge Imprint of Taylor & Francis

"We expect the very best from Pope, and this must-read ethics guide delivers. Scrupulously researched, this landmark contributionwill be indispensable to all organizations and individuals committed to ethical decision-making and behavior, and to courses on ethics and organizational psychology."
—Martin Drapeau, Professor of Counselling Psychology and Psychiatry, McGill University; Editor in Chief of Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne

"Ken Pope has done it again. Here is a timely, clear, well-researched, action-oriented book replete with organizational examples which is designed to get organizations and individuals to fortify their ethical stance. This book is essential reading for those studying or working in organizations."
—Judie Alpert, Professor of Applied Psychology, New York University

"Once again, Ken Pope shows courageous leadership and guides by stellar example. Using research findings and examples from well-known ethical missteps from major American organization icons, Pope shows how and why we all can strengthen ethics at work."
—Joan M. Cook, Associate Professor, Yale School of Medicine; Lecturer, Yale School of Management

"This engaging new book by Ken Pope is essential reading for everyone who believes all organizations—non-profit and for-profit—should model idealized ethical standards, top-down from the CEO and bottom-up from the kitchen and mail room staff. Honoring what is best in our human nature creates a new generation of Everyday Heroes."
—Phil Zimbardo, Professor Emeritus of Psychology, Stanford University; Author of The Lucifer Effect; President of The Heroic Imagination Project

Ethics in Psychotherapy and Counseling: A Practical Guide, (Fifth Edition,January, 2016) by Kenneth S. Pope, Ph.D., ABPP & Melba J. T. Vasquez, Ph.D., ABPP  Publisher: John Wiley & Sons)

"A stunningly good book.... If there is only one book you buy on ethics, this is the one."
-- David H. Barlow, Ph.D, ABPP; Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry, Boston University

"Two of psychology's national treasures, Drs. Ken Pope and Melba Vasquez, walk the walk of psychotherapy ethics. Simply the best book in its genre."
-- John Norcross, PhD, ABPP, Professor of Psychology & Distinguished University Fellow, University of Scranton

"Once again, with this 5th Edition, Drs. Pope and Vasquez provide us with indubitable evidence that what is already the best book on ethics can be made even better."
--Martin Drapeau
, Ph.D.; Editor in Chief, Canadian Psychology/Psychologie canadienne

"Continues to be the gold standard.... A must read in every counseling/therapy training program. It is that good and valuable."
--Derald Wing Sue, Ph.D. Professor of Psychology Teachers College, Columbia University

[The 5th edition] is a compassionate, must-have book….  emphasizes the importance of integrating of realistic self-knowledge with moral courage and sound ethical reasoning, - makes a significant contribution to our understanding of how to be ethical. 
--Carole Sinclair, PhD, Chair, Committee on Ethics, Canadian Psychological Association

"[The 5th edition] is a must read book for both beginning and seasoned clinicians . I learned a lot reading this book. Kudos to Pope and Vasquez."
--Donald Meichenbaum, Ph.D. Distinguished Professor Emeritus, University of Waterloo; Research Director of the Melissa Institute for Violence Prevention

"Pope and Vasquez continue to be the 'conscience of psychology.'  This 5th edition gives us guidance at a time when American psychology must find its moral compass."
--Bonnie R. Strickland, Ph.D., ABPP; Former President, American Psychological Association

"The 5th edition… continues to offer the most fully realized blending of scholarship and street smarts available.
--Eric Y. Drogin, J.D., Ph.D., ABPP (Forensic), Harvard Medical School; Former Chair, American Psychological Association Committee on Professional Practice & Standards

What Therapists Don't Talk About and Why: Taboos That Hurt Us and Our Clients by Kenneth S. Pope, Ph.D., ABPP, Janet L. Sonne, Ph.D., and Beverly Greene, PhD., ABPP Publisher: American Psychological Association

"It is essentially a superb text about the practice of psychotherapy, with all its unexpected twists, turns, and difficulties for therapists and patients. From its excellent short courses on logical and ethical fallacies, to its astonishing variety of intensely provocative case examples with self-assessment questions, to its steamy discussions of therapists' sexual feelings, the book illuminates, in a non-threatening, conversational tone, the previously-avoided dimensions of the therapeutic endeavor. It belongs on the shelf of any therapist willing to learn or think critically about psychotherapy."
Thomas G. Gutheil, M.D.
Professor of Psychiatry
Harvard University

How To Survive and Thrive as a Therapist: Information, Ideas, & Resources for Psychologists by Kenneth S. Pope, Ph.D., ABPP & Melba J. T. Vasquez, Ph.D., ABPP

Publisher: American Psychological Association

"This comprehensive practical guidebook is a must for all new and seasoned clinicians. From attorneys to ethics, from billing to possible errors in logic--it is all here. A remarkable compendium. Kudos to Pope and Vasquez!"
--Donald Meichenbaum, PhD, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

The MMPI, MMPI-2, and MMPI-A in Court: A Practical Guide for Expert Witnesses and Attorneys (3nd Edition) by Kenneth S. Pope, Ph.D., ABPP, James N. Butcher, Ph.D., and Joyce Seelen, Esq., Publisher: American Psychological Association

"A must for every trial lawyer's library."
-- Patricia C. Bobb, Esq., Board of Governors, Association of Trial Lawyers of America

Sexual Feelings In Psychotherapy:Explorations for Therapists and Therapists-in-Training by Kenneth S. Pope, Ph.D., ABPP, Janet Sonne, Ph.D. & Jean Holroyd, Ph.D. Publisher: American Psychological Association.

"Like a trusted confidant, this reassuring yet challenging book shows how research, theory, and the reader's own feelings can be used to guide clinical practice. It is that rarest of books with which the reader shares an intimate dialogue of personal discovery. Powerful, truthful, and adventurous, it will serve as an essential text to which seasoned therapists will return again and again and should be required reading in all training programs."
-- Professor Jesse Geller, Yale University

Sexual Involvement With Therapists: Patient Assessment, Subsequent Therapy, Forensics by by Kenneth S. Pope, Ph.D., ABPP. Publisher: American Psychological Association

"A landmark contribution. The research, forms, and lists of cross-examination questions will be invaluable to subsequent therapists who appear in court. This unique resource is essential reading for expert witnesses and trial attorneys."
-- Nancy Adel, Esq., Partner, Law Firm of Adel & Pollack

Sexual Intimacy Between Therapists and Patients by Kenneth S. Pope & Jacqueline Bouhoutsos

"A thoroughly unique, impressively comprehensive, and long-awaited contribution. A storehouse of information. Plaintiff and defense lawyers and expert witnesses would be well advised to be aware of its contents."
--Jay Ziskin, Ph.D., LL.B.
Past President, American Psychology-Law Society

Recovered Memories of Abuse: Assessment, Therapy, Forensics by Kenneth S. Pope, Ph.D., ABPP & Laura S. Brown, Ph.D., ABPP, Publisher: American Psychological Association

"Essential reading for lawyers and expert witnesses, this landmark book is scientifically grounded, carefully researched, and--thankfully!--of great practical use. The consent forms, deposition and cross-examination questions, outlines for reviewing treatment plans, and scrupulously fair examinations of the major controversies are major contributions. Avoiding the polarizing polemics and limited points of view that mar so much of the work in this area, this is the best book on this topic."
-- Gary Sampley, Esq. Attorney at Law

Law and Mental Health Professionals: California by Brandt Caudill & Kenneth S. Pope, Publisher: American Psychological Association


Published research and other works on the Therapist As Person:
Therapists as Patients, as Abuse Survivors, and as People who Experience Fear, Anger, and Hatred

Record-Keeping Controversies: Ethical, Legal, and Clinical Challenges

Therapists as Patients: A National Survey of Psychologists' Experiences, Problems, and Beliefs [Professional Psychology]

Therapists' Anger, Hate, Fear, and Sexual Feelings: National Survey of Therapist Responses, Client Characteristics, Critical Events, Formal Complaints, and Training [Professional Psychology]

National Survey of Psychologists' Sexual and Physical Abuse History and Their Evaluation of Training and Competence in These Areas [Professional Psychology]

The Experience of 'Forgetting' Childhood Abuse: A National Survey of Psychologists [Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology]

Discussing Death With Children [U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Child Development, Children's Bureau]

Therapist's Guide To Preparing a Professional Will [American Psychological Association]

Clinical Practice Strategies Outside The Realm Of Managed Care [annual meeting of the American Psychological Association]

Boundary Issues in Psychotherapy and Counseling

Dual Relationships: Trends, Stats, Guides, & Resources.

A Practical Approach to Boundaries in Psychotherapy: Making Decisions, Bypassing Blunders, and Mending Fences.

Nonsexual Multiple Relationships & Boundaries in Psychotherapy.

An Essential Article on Boundaries: How The Field Began To Focus on Distinguishing Boundary Crossings (Helpful or Neutral) from Boundary Violations (Harmful) in the Early 1990s.

Study Calling for Changes in the APA Ethics Code regarding Dual Relationships, Multiple Relationships, & Boundary Decisions [American Psychologist]

Dual Relationships Between Therapist and Client: A National Study of Psychologists, Psychiatrists, and Social Workers [Professional Psychology]

The Concept of Boundaries in Clinical Practice: Theoretical and Risk-Management Dimensions [American Journal of Psychiatry]

Avoiding Exploitive Dual Relationships: A Decision-making Model [Psychotherapy]

Ethical Decision-making and Dual Relationships [Jeffrey Younggren]

Nonsexual Multiple Relationships: A Practical Decision-Making Model For Clinicians [Janet L. Sonne]

Misuses and Misunderstandings of Boundary Theory in Clinical and Regulatory Settings [American Journal of Psychiatry]

Published Research and Other Works on Ethical & Legal (e.g., Malpractice) Dilemmas of Therapists, Counselors, & Professors

Ethics for Psychologists: 7 Essentials [excerpt from Ethics in Psychotherapy & Counseling, 5th Edition]

Canadian Psychological Association Member of the Year Award Address --
"The Code Not Taken: The Path From Guild Ethics to Torture and Our Continuing Choices" [Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne]

Steps to Strengthen Ethics in Organizations: Research Findings, Ethics Placebos, and What Works

Contrasting Ethical Policies of Physicians & Psychologists Concerning Detainee Interrogations [British Medical Journal]

Psychologists Abandon the Nuremberg Ethic: Concerns for Detainee Interrogations [International Journal of Law & Psychiatry]

Steps in Ethical Decision-Making [excerpt from Ethics in Psychotherapy & Counseling, 3rd Edition]

21 Cognitive Strategies To Justify Any Unethical Behavior [excerpt from What Therapists Don't Talk About and Why: Understanding Taboos That Hurt Us and Our Clients]

Developing & Practicing Ethics [chapter in The Portable Mentor: Expert Guide to a Successful Career in Psychology]

Ethics of Practice: The Beliefs and Behaviors of Psychologists as Therapists [American Psychologist]

Ethics of Teaching: Beliefs and Behaviors of Psychologists as Educators [American Psychologist]

Ethical Dilemmas Encountered by Members of the American Psychological Association [American Psychologist]

Informed Consent: Sample Forms, Standards, Guildelines, & References;

8 Bogus Apologies: Ethics, Critical Thinking, & Language

When Laws and Values Conflict: A Dilemma for Psychologists [American Psychologist]

Malpractice & Licensing Pitfalls for Therapists: A Defense Attorney's List [Innovations in Clinical Practice]

Disability, Accessibility, & Ethics in Psychology: 3 Barriers [Ethics & Behavior]

HIPAA & Forensic Practice [American Psychology Law Society News, American Psychological Association Division 41]

Identifying and Implementing Ethical Standards for Primary Prevention [Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community]

On Violating Ethical Standards: 20 Easy Steps [Ethics in Psychotherapy & Counseling]

When The Therapist Doesn't Know What To Do: Some Steps That May Help [American Psychological Association]

Ethical and Malpractice Issues in Hospital Practice [American Psychologist]

The Ethics of Research Involving Memories of Trauma [General Hospital Psychiatry]

AIDS & HIV Infection Update: New Research, Ethical Responsibilities, Evolving Legal Frameworks, and Useful Resources [Innovations in Clinical Practice]

Psychologists' Use of E-mail with Clients: Some Ethical Considerations [Ohio Psychologist]

Children, Ethics, & the Law [full text of a book originally published by University of Nebraska Press]

Published Research and Other Works on Therapists' Sexual Attraction to Patients, Therapist-Patient Sex, Professor-Student Sex, and Sexual Dilemmas in Therapy & Counseling

Sexual Intimacy in Psychology Training: Results and Implications of a National Survey [American Psychologist]

Sexual Attraction to Clients: The Human Therapist and the (Sometimes) Inhuman Training System [American Psychologist]

Sex Between Therapists and Clients [Academic Press]

Prior Therapist-patient Sexual Involvement Among Patients Seen by Psychologists [Psychotherapy]

Therapist-Patient Sexual Intimacy Involving Children and Adolescents [American Psychologist]

Therapist-patient Sex as Sex Abuse: Six Scientific, Professional, and Practical Dilemmas in Addressing Victimization and Rehabilitation [Professional Psychology]

Testing & Assessment

Deposition and Cross-examination Questions on Psychological Tests & Psychometrics [American Psychological Association]

Responsibilities in Providing Psychological Test Feedback to Clients [Psychological Assessment]

Fallacies & Pitfalls in Psychological Assessment: 7 Examples

HIPAA & Forensic Practice [American Psychology Law Society News, American Psychological Association Division 41]

MMPI-A in Forensic Practice [Oxford University Press]

Forensic Assessment Checklist [American Psychological Association]

Pearson Assessments HIPAA Regulations FAQ [Pearon Assessments]

Fallacies & Pitfalls in Psychology

Logical Fallacies in Psychology: 22 Types

Fallacies & Pitfalls in Psychological Assessment: 7 Examples

21 Cognitive Strategies To Justify Any Unethical Behavior

8 Bogus Apologies: Ethics, Critical Thinking, & Language

Detainee Interrogations, Psychologists, & Other Health Care Professionals

"Are the American Psychological Association’s Detainee Interrogation Policies Ethical and Effective? Key Claims, Documents, and Results" [Zeitschrift für Psychologie / Journal of Psychology]

"Psychologists and Detainee Interrogations: Key Decisions, Opportunities Lost, and Lessons Learned" [Annual Review of Clinical Psychology]

"Contrasting Ethical Policies of Physicians & Psychologists Concerning Detainee Interrogations" [British Medical Journal]

"Psychologists Abandon the Nuremberg Ethic: Concerns for Detainee Interrogations"[International Journal of Law and Psychiatry]

"American Psychological Association's Post-9-11Ethics for Detainee Interrogations" [Psychiatric Times]

300+ Published Articles on Psychologists' & Physicians' Involvement in Detainee Interrogations


Responding To Suicidal Risk

Memory & Abuse: The Recovered Memory Controversy

Pseudoscience, Cross-examination, and Scientific Evidence in the Recovered Memory Controversy [Psychology, Public Policy, and Law]

Memory, Abuse, and Science: Questioning Claims about the False Memory Syndrome Epidemic--Award address for the American Psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Contributions to Public Service [American Psychologist]

Science As Careful Questioning: Are Claims of a False Memory Syndrome Epidemic Based on Empirical Evidence? [American Psychologist]

What Psychologists Better Know About Recovered Memories: Research, Lawsuits, and the Pivotal Experiment [Clinical Psychology: Science & Practice]

The Facade of Scientific Documentation: A Case Study of Richard Ofshe's Analysis of the Paul Ingram Case [Psychology, Public Policy & Law]

The Therapeutic Relationship As The Foundation for Treatment with Adult Survivors of Sexual Abuse [Psychotherapy]

Sample Agreement

Sample Agreement Between Expert Witness & Attorney by Kenneth S. Pope, Ph.D., ABPP, James N. Butcher, Ph.D., & Joyce Seelen, J.D. [American Psychological Association]



National Survey of Social Workers' Sexual Attraction to their Clients: Results, Implications, and Comparison to Psychologists [Ethics & Behavior]

Licensing Disciplinary Actions for Psychologists Who Have Been Sexually Involved with a Client [Professional Psychology]

The Ethics of Counseling: A National Survey of Certified Counselors [Journal of Counseling & Development]

Are 25% of Clinicians Using Potentially Risky Therapeutic Practices? A Review of the Logic and Methodology of the Poole, Lindsay et al. Study [Journal of Psychiatry & Law]

Therapists' Sexual Feelings and Behaviors: Research, Trends, and Quandaries. [John Wiley and Sons]

A Community Psychology of Ethics [American Journal of Community Psychology]

AIDS and HIV Infection Update: New Research, Ethical Responsibilities, Evolving Legal Frameworks, and Published Resources [Innovations in Clinical Practice]

Sexual Behavior Between Clinical Supervisors and Trainees: Implications for Professional Standards [Professional Psychology]

Seven Issues in Conducting Forensic Assessments: Ethical Responsibilities in Light of New Standards and New Tests [Ethics & Behavior]

Therapist-patient Sexual Involvement: A Review of the Research [Clinical Psychology Review]

Fee assessment and outpatient psychotherapy [Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology]


Other Resources

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Thanks for visiting this site. I hope you find the information helpful. The materials listed above are a small sample of what's available on this site, and more will be added. You can use the navigation bar on the left side of each page to travel to each of the sections. Again: Welcome!


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